Sindhudurg district is spread over an area of around 5,207 sq.kms. The population of the District is 8,68,825 as per census of 2001. The modern township of Sindhudurg Nagari is the headquarters of Sindhudurg district . The district is surrounded by the Arabian Sea on the east, the Belgaum District (Karnataka state) and Goa on the South and the Ratnagiri district on the North. Sindhudurg being a coastal district, the climate is generally moist and humid and the temperature variations during the day and throughout the seasons are not large. Sindhudurg is accessible by road on the NH-17 which passes through major towns of Kankavli, Kudal and Sawantwadi or by the picturesque journey on the Konkan Railway which stops at Kankavli,Sindhudurg, Kudal and Sawantwadi. The nearest airports are at Ratnagiri, Belgaum (Karnataka) and Dabolim (Goa).
|Brief History of Sindhudurg District|
The seven kingdoms of the Konkan of Hindu mythology are mentioned in the 'Hindu History of Kashmir' and are said to have included nearly the whole west coast of India. The Pandavas, are said to have passed through this region in the 13 th year of their exile and had settled in this area for some time . The Raja of this region Veerat Ray had accompanied them in the famous war at Kurukshetra with the Kauravas. In the second century A.D. The great empire of Mauryas annexed all the Konkan coast. In the middle of the sixth century, kings of the Maurya and Nala dynasties appear to have been ruling in the Konkan. The district of Ratnagiri was under the Silahars and the capital of their kingdom was probably Goa and later it may have been transferred to a more central place in the vicinity of Ratnagiri or Kharepatan.
Chandrapur was one of the most ancient towns in Kokan , probably founded by Chandraditya a son of the Chalukya king Pulakeshin II.The 16th century saw the advent and rise of Portuguese power on the west coast of India and Sindhudurg was no exception. The sultan lost hold on the district in 1675 with the rise of Shivaji leading finally into the hands of Marathas. Marathas continued to the district till 1817 i.e. when the struggle between the British and the Peshvas came to an end and the whole of Konkan was transferred to the British.In 1819 South Konkan was formed as separate district with its headquarters first at Bankot and later at Ratnagiri . Three northern subdivisions were transferred to Thane District in 1830 and the district was reduced to a sub-collectorate level under Thane district .
In 1832 , it was again made a full-fledged district and named as Ratnagiri district.
In the year 1945, a new mahal ( tahsil) called Kankavli Mahal (tahcil) was formed
. The former Indian state of Sawantwadi was merged with the district and the taluka
boundaries were reorganized in the year 1949. In the same year the new taluka of
the Sawantwadi was created and two new mahals namely Kudal and Lanja were formed
. With the reorganization of the states in 1956, the district was included in the
Bombay state and since 1960, it forms a part of Maharashtra.The name of the district
has been adopted form the famous sea fort of Sindhudurg. This was built by Shivaji
Maharaj near Malwan and it literally means 'Sea Fort'. Its construction started
on November 25, 1664 and after 3 years it was completed in such a fashion that it
could not be seen easily by the enemy coming from the Arabian Sea.
District Statistics in Brief
|North Latitudes||15.37 to 16.40|
|East Longitude||73.19 to 74.18|
|Geographical Area||5207 Sq.Kilometer.|
|3,609.98 mm ( Average )|
The average rainfall is very high but almost all the rainwater causes surface run off, due to undulating topography and lack of any water impounding major and medium structures.
Important Rivers in Sindhudurg District
|1) Terekhol 2) Gad 3) Devgad 4) Karli 5) Vaghotan|
|Density||167 Per Sq.Km.|
|Sex Ratio||1079 ( For 1000 Male)|
The area is largely rural populated with 91% of rural population of the total population of 868825.
|Tahasil's -( 8 )||1. Dodamarg 2.Sawantwadi 3.Vengurla 4.Kudal 5. Malvan 6.Kankavli 7.Devgad 8.Vaibhavwadi|
|Panchayat Samiti (8)||1. Dodamarg 2.Sawantwadi 3.Vengurla 4.Kudal 5. Malvan 6.Kankavli 7.Devgad 8.Vaibhavwadi|
|Nagar Palika (4)||1.Vengurla 2.Sawantwadi 3.Malvan 4.Kankavli|
|No. of Towns||5|
|Major Crops||Rice, Coconut, kokam, Mango, Cashew|
|Annual Crop||kokam, Mango, Cashew|
|74% of total land holding in the district, are held by small and marginal farmers.|
|The irrigated area is only 23.48% through well and small channels.|
|Major Projects||2 (Tilari & Talamba)|
|Small Projects||State owned : 33, Z.P. owned : 460|
|Members in Co-op.Soc.||3,82,000|
|Reg.Small scale Ind.||718 (Permanent), 2778 (Provisional)|
|Sub District Hospital||3|
|Primary Health Center||38|
|Pry Health Sub Center||246|
Transport & Communication
|Total Railway track||103 KM.|
|Villages Connected by roads||743|
|Total Road Length||4640 KM|
|National Highway||108 KM|
|State Highway||668 KM|
|Dist. Roads||1473 KM|
|Railway stations- (7)||Vaibhavwadi, Nandagav, Kankavli, Sindhudurgnagari, Kudal, Sawantwadi, Madura, Zarap|
|Primary Schools||Zilla Parishad - 1421,Private - 42|
|Secondary Schools||Grantable : 186 ,Central Govt. : 1 ,Private : 22|
|D.Ed./ B.Ed Colleges||4 + 1|
|Industrial Training Institutes (ITI)- (7)||1.Sawntwadi 2.Malvan 3.Deogad 4.Sindhudurgnagari 5.Vengurla 6.Phondaghat 7.Vaibhavwadi|
|Nationalised Banks||66 Branches|
|Cooperative Banks||106 Branches|
|Rural Banks||15 Branches|
|Sea Coast Length||121 KM|
|Fishing Area||16000 Sq.KM.|
|Main Fisheries Centers - (8)||Vijaydurg, Devgad, Achara, Malvan, Sarjekot, Kochara, Vengurla, Shiroda|
|Total Fish Production||19273 M. Tons|
|Fisheries Co.Op. Soc.||34 (Total Members 14216)|
Sindhudurg district is spread over an area of around 5,207 sq.kms. The population of the District is 8,68,825 as per census of 2001. The modern township of Sindhudurgnagari is the headquarters of Sindhudurg district . The district is surrounded by the Arabian Sea on the east, the Belgaum District (Karnatakas) and Goa on the South and the Ratnagiri district on the North. Sindhudurg being a coastal district, the climate is generally moist and humid and the temperature variations during the day and throughout the seasons are not large.Sindhudurg is accessible by road on the NH-17 which passes through major towns of Kankavli, Kudal and Sawantwadi or by the picturesque journey on the Konkan Railway which stops at Kankavli,Sindhudurg, Kudal and Sawantwadi . The nearest airports are at Ratnagiri, Belgaum (Karnataka) and Dabolim (Goa).